Anxiety in Women With Heart Disease
By Sandra K. Plach, Ph.D., R.N.
March 1, 2002
Dr. Plach is a professor and women's health researcher at University of Wisconsin at Milwaukee and a clinical nurse specialist in cardiovascular disease.
In conclusion, the literature indicates that anxiety and depression are predictive of heart disease and death, and, less conclusively because of a dearth of studies, their effect may be even worse for women. Anxiety increases risk for cardiac events and complicates physical and psychosocial health outcomes in patients with heart disease. Early recognition and treatment of anxiety in women with heart disease may help to optimize women's role experiences and minimize risk for future cardiac events.
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