Comorbid ADHD and Depression
A significant number of patients with a mood disorder, especially those with bipolar I disorder, also have ADHD. Commonly used medications for ADHD have the potential to worsen anxiety symptoms and provoke mania or hypomania. In adults, episodes of major depressive disorder MDD cause significant morbidity and mortality, but when they occur with ADHD, such episodes are more prolonged, more likely to result in suicidal behaviors and hospitalizations, and more likely to convert from unipolar to bipolar mood disorders.
W. Burleson Daviss, MD, and Joseph B. Bond, MD, review the prevalence, assessment, and treatment of comorbid ADHD and depression. Their review not only provides an update on this important topic, but also helps clinicians understand the challenges and unmet needs in this population. They discuss potential risk factors related to comorbid ADHD and depression, strategies for proper diagnosis, and treatment approaches.