References: 

References

1. Counterterrorism Detention and Interrogation Activities (September 2001-October 2003) (2003-7123-IG), May 7, 2004. http://www.freedominfo.org/documents/20090824cia.pdf. Accessed October 9, 2009.
2. Dept of the Army, Office of the Surgeon General, Final Report, Assessment of Detainee Medical Operations for OEF, GTMO, and OIF (April 13, 2005). http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/report/2005/ detmedopsrpt_13apr2005.pdf. Accessed October 9, 2009.
3. Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, Dec. 10, 1984, S. Treaty Doc. No. 100-20, 1465 U.N.T.S. 85. http://untreaty.un.org/english/treatyevent2001/pdf/ 07e.pdf. Accessed October 9, 2009.
4. Dept of Justice. Legal Standard Applicable Under 18 U.S.C. §§ 2340-2340A, December 30, 2004. http://www.usdoj.gov/olc/18usc23402340a2.htm. Accessed October 9, 2009.
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6. Dept of the Army, Office of the Surgeon General. Final Report Assessment of Detainee Medical Operations for OEF, GTMO, and OIF (April 13, 2005). http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/report/2005/ detmedopsrpt_13apr2005.pdf. Accessed October 9, 2009.
7. Memorandum from John Yoo, Deputy Assistant Attorney General, to Timothy E. Flannigan, Deputy Counsel to the President (September 25, 2001). Reprinted in: Greenberg KJ, Dratel JL, eds. The Torture Papers: The Road to Abu Ghraib.New York: Cambridge University Press; 2005.
8. Memorandum from Alberto R. Gonzales, White House General Counsel to President George W. Bush, Re: Decision Re Application of the Geneva Conven- tion on Prisoners of War to the Conflict With Al Qaeda and the Taliban. January 25, 2002. http://www.humanrightsfirst.com/us_law/etn/gonzales/memos_dir/memo_20020125_Gonz_Bush.pdf. Accessed October 9, 2009.
9. Memorandum from Office of the Assistant Attorney General, to Alberto R. Gonzales, Counsel to the President (August 1, 2002). http://image.guardian.co.uk/sys-files/Guardian/documents/2009/04/16/bybee_ to_rizzo_memo.pdf. Accessed October 9, 2009.
10. Mayer MJ. Outsourcing Torture: The Secret History of America’s “Extraordinary Rendition” Program. New Yorker. February 14, 2005. http://www.newyorker.com/archive/2005/02/14/050214fa_fact6#Replay. Accessed October 9, 2009.
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12. American Psychiatric Association. Psychiatric Participation in Interrogation of Detainees: Position Statement. Approved by the Board of Trustees, May 2006. http://archive.psych.org/edu/other_res/lib_archives/ archives/200601.pdf. Accessed October 9, 2009.
13. American Medical Association. Opinion 2.068: Physician Participation in Interrogation. http://www.ama-assn.org/ama/pub/physician-resources/medical-ethics/code-medical-ethics/opinion2068.shtml. Accessed October 9, 2009.
14. American Psychological Association. Ethical Standard 1.02, Conflicts Between Ethics and Law, Regulations, or Other Governing Legal Authority. http://www.APA.org/ethics/standard-102/provisions-codes.html. Accessed October 9, 2009.
15. American Psychological Association. APA Council of Representatives Directs Change in Its Ethics Code to Prevent So-Called Nuremberg Defense. August 5, 2009. http://www.APA.org/releases/ethical-standard.html. Accessed October 9, 2009.