References: 
p>References
1. Widom CS. Child abuse, neglect, and violent criminal behavior. Criminology. 1989;27:251-271.
2. Pollock VE, Briere J, Schneider L, et al. Childhood antecedents of antisocial behavior: parental alcoholism and physical abusiveness. Am J Psychiatry. 1990;147:1290-1293.
3. Bryer JB, Nelson BA, Miller JB, Krol PA. Childhood sexual and physical abuse as factors in adult psychiatric illness. Am J Psychiatry. 1987;144:1426-1430.
4. Kessler RC, Davis CG, Kendler KS. Childhood adversity and adult psychiatric disorder in the US National Comorbidity Survey. Psychol Med. 1997;27:1101-1119.
5. Brown GR, Anderson B. Psychiatric morbidity in adult inpatients with childhood histories of sexual and physical abuse. Am J Psychiatry. 1991;148:55-61.
6. Leverich GS, McElroy SL, Suppes T, et al. Early physical and sexual abuse associated with an adverse course of bipolar illness. Biol Psychiatry. 2002;51:288-297.
7. Brown GR, McBride L, Bauer MS, et al. Impact of childhood abuse on the course of bipolar disorder: a replication study in U.S. veterans. J Affect Disord. 2005;89:57-67.
8. Garno JL, Goldberg JF, Ramirez PM, Ritzler BA. Impact of childhood abuse on the clinical course of bipolar disorder [published correction appears in Br J Psychiatry. 2005;186:357]. Br J Psychiatry. 2005;186:121-125.
9. Etain B, Henry C, Bellivier F, et al. Beyond genetics: childhood affective trauma in bipolar disorder. Bipolar Disord. 2008;10:867-876.
10. Brodsky BS, Oquendo M, Ellis SP, et al. The relationship of childhood abuse to impulsivity and suicidal behavior in adults with major depression. Am J Psychiatry. 2001;158:1871-1877.
11. De Bellis MD, Baum AS, Birmaher B, et al. A.E. Bennett Research Award. Developmental traumatology. Part I: Biological stress systems. Biol Psychiatry. 1999;45:1259-1270.
12. Swanson JW, Holzer CE 3rd, Ganju VK, Jono RT. Violence and psychiatric disorder in the community: evidence from the Epidemiologic Catchment Area surveys [published correction appears in Hosp Community Psychiatry. 1991;42:954-955]. Hosp Community Psychiatry. 1990;41:761-770.
13. Garno JL, Gunawardane N, Goldberg JF. Predictors of trait aggression in bipolar disorder. Bipolar Disord. 2008;10:285-292.
14. Goodwin FK, Jamison KR. Manic-Depressive Illness. New York: Oxford University Press; 1990.
15. Binder RL, McNiel DE. Effects of diagnosis and context of dangerousness. Am J Psychiatry. 1988;145:728-732.
16. Maj M, Pirozzi R, Magliano L, Bartoli L. Agitated depression in bipolar I disorder: prevalence, phenomenology, and outcome. Am J Psychiatry. 2003;160:2134-2140.
17. Swann AC. Neuroreceptor mechanisms of aggression and its treatment. J Clin Psychiatry. 2003;64(suppl 4):26-35.
18. Amore M, Menchetti M, Tonti C, et al. Predictors of violent behavior among acute psychiatric patients: clinical study. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2008;62:247-255.
19. Mulvey EP, Odgers C, Skeem J, et al. Substance use and community violence: a test of the relation at the daily level. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2006;74:743-754.
20. Kaplan HI, Sadock BJ. Kaplan and Sadock’s Synopsis of Psychiatry: Behavioral Sciences/Clinical Psychiatry. 8th ed. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins; 1998.
21. Grisso T, Davis J, Vesselinov R, et al. Violent thoughts and violent behavior following hospitalization for mental disorder. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2000;68:388-398.
22. Webster CD, Douglas KS, Eaves D, Hart SD. The HCR-20 Scheme: The Assessment of Dangerousness and Risk (Version 2). Burnaby, British Columbia: Simon Fraser University, Mental Health, Law, and Policy Institute; 1997.
23. Otto RK. Assessing and managing violence risk in outpatient settings. J Clin Psychol. 2000;56:1239-1262.
24. Haggard-Grann U. Assessing violence risk: a review and clinical recommendations. J Couns Dev. 2007;85:294-302.
25. Swann AC. Treatment of aggression in patients with bipolar disorder. J Clin Psychiatry. 1999;60(suppl 15):25-28.
26. Borum R, Reddy M. Assessing violence risk in Tarasoff situations: a fact-based model of inquiry. Behav Sci Law. 2001;19:375-385.
27. Pearlman LA, Courtois CA. Clinical Applications of the attachment framework: relational treatment of complex trauma. J Trauma Stress. 2005;18:449-459.
28. Miklowitz DJ, Goldstein MJ. Bipolar Disorder: A Family-Focused Treatment Approach. New York: Guilford Press; 1997.
29. Sajatovic M, Davies M, Bauer MS, et al. Attitudes regarding the collaborative practice model and treatment adherence among individuals with bipolar disorder. Compr Psychiatry. 2005;46:272-277.
30. Link BG, Steuve A. Psychotic symptoms and the violent/illegal behavior of mental patients compared to community controls. In: Monahan J, Steadman H, eds. Violence and Mental Disorders: Developments in Risk Assessment. Chicago: University of Chicago Press; 1994:137-159.