This year, more than 1311 physicians of all specialties responded to the survey . . . 287 of the respondents are psychiatrists. The charts you see show how those 287 responded to just a few of the survey questions. Read More
Psychiatric Times presents coverage of the US Psychiatric and Mental Health Congress, covering the latest research on the assessment and treatment of psychiatric disorders. PsychCongress 2012 is on November 8-11 in San Diego, California. Read More
In this video, Senior Advisor to the NIMH Director and Professor of Psychiatry at Georgetown University School of Medicine explains how some of the latest developments in neuroscience can be used in everyday practice to treat bipolar and other mental disorders. Read More
As a profession, we tend to neglect to reflect on the impact our environments of care may have on patients' experiences of illness. In particular, our emergency departments and inpatient wards tend to be chaotic maelstroms of human activity with few boundaries. To the unacculturated, these environments can be extremely frightening. Couple that with the terror of severe, life-threatening illness, and one can only imagine how distressing that might be. In this issue of the jou
Our recent meta-analysis of 24 studies (N=2383 patients) found that 12% of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) (including patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction [STEMI], non-STEMI, and unstable angina [UA]) develop posttraumatic stressdisorder (PTSD) symptoms owing to their ACS, and that these PTSD symptoms 1 month post-ACS are associated with a doubling of risk for ACS recurrence or mortality in the subsequent 1 to 3 years. Although we rev
AbstractObjective To evaluate the effect of initial low energy permissive underfeeding (trophic feeding) versus full energy enteral feeding (full feeding) on physical function and secondary outcomes in patients with acute lung injury.Design Prospective longitudinal follow-up evaluation of the NHLBI ARDS Clinical Trials Networks EDEN trialSetting 41hospitals in the United States.Participants 525 patients with acute lung injury.Interventions Randomised assignment to trophic or full feeding fo
Intimate partner violence in pregnant women is associated with preterm birth, low birthweight, and decreased gestational age (Individuals experiencing IPV often develop chronic mental health conditions, such as depression, posttraumatic stress
To explore fathers' experiences of the resuscitation of their baby at delivery.|A descriptive, retrospective design using tape-recorded semistructured interviews with fathers present during the resuscitation of their baby at delivery. Fathers described what happened, their interactions with healthcare professionals, their feelings at the time and afterwards.|Participants were recruited from a large teaching hospital in the UK.|A purposive sample of 20 fathers whose baby required resuscitation at delivery.|Participant responses were analysed using thematic analysis. Four broad themes were identified: 'preparation', 'knowing what happened', 'his response' and 'impact on him'. Fathers had no difficulty recalling their emotions during the resuscitation. These feelings remained vivid and were mostly negative. Most fathers wanted to go to their baby during the resuscitation but did not do so. They felt they should stay with their partner, did not want to impede the resuscitation or felt
War-related medical costs for U.S. veterans of Iraq and Afghanistan may be enormous because of differences between these wars and previous conflicts: (1) Many veterans survive injuries that would have killed them in past wars, and (2) improvised explosive device attacks have caused "polytraumatic" injuries (multiple amputations; brain injury; severe facial trauma or blindness) that require decades of costly rehabilitation. In 2035, today's veterans will be middle-aged, with health issues like those seen in aging Vietnam veterans, complicated by comorbidities of posttraumatic stressdisorder, traumatic brain injury, and polytrauma. This article cites emerging knowledge about best practices that have demonstrated cost-effectiveness in mitigating the medical costs of war. We propose that clinicians employ early interventions (trauma care, physical therapy, early post-traumaticstressdisorder diagnosis) and preventive health programs (smoking cessation, alcohol-abuse counseling, weight
During the horrific war in the Democratic Republic of Congo during the years 1996-2007 the number of casualties is estimated to be 5.4 million. In addition, 1.8 million women, children and men were raped, many as a social weapon of war. Many of these women still suffer from post-traumaticstressdisorder (PTSD) and mutilated genitals.|To assess a short-term interventional team for the evaluation and treatment of sexual trauma victims.|The intervention program comprised four components: training the local staff, medical evaluation and treatment of patients, psychological evaluation and treatmentof trauma victims, and evacuation and transport of patients with mutilated genitals. A diagnostic tool for posttraumatic stressdisorder (PTSD)--the Impact Event Scale (IES)--was used. The psychological treatment was based on EMDR (eye movement desensitization and reprocessing) principles. Using questionnaires, the information was obtained from patients, medical staff and medical records.|Three
The mental health of American military soldiers and veterans is of widespread concern; yet, there has been no prior review of studies on Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) veterans. This article provides a brief, but comprehensive review of the mental health of AAPI veterans. An exhaustive literature search was conducted using the major medical and mental health literature databases. Of 13 identified articles, nine were empirical studies on either post-traumaticstressdisorder among AAPI Vietnam veterans or health functioning of AAPI veterans based on national veteran surveys. Findings from these studies showed that some AAPI veterans who served during the Vietnam War encountered racism from fellow soldiers and race-related stressors were associated with more severe post-traumaticstressdisorder symptoms. As a group, AAPI veterans were found to be physically healthier than other veterans, but reported poorer mental health and were less likely to use mental health services.
The aim of this prospective study was to explore the predictors for the development of PTSD in police officers six months after encountering situations of a potentially traumatic nature. Fifty-nine police officers were studied immediately after the event (T1) and six months later (T2). At T2 PTSD was assessed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-I). PTSD was predicted by intrusions (Impact of Event Scale-Revised; IES-R), the impairment scale (is), global assessment of functioning scale (GAF), gender, age and sense of coherence scale (SOC). The diagnosis of an acute stressdisorder (ASD) at T1 had a high specificity for identifying PTSD at T2. The strongest predictor for the development of PTSD was found to be the factor intrusions. Contrary to our expectations, age was not a significant predictive factor for PTSD. Thus, acute stressdisorder (ASD) and a high degree of intrusions experienced immediately after a traumatic incident helped to identify early police
The core symptoms of PTSD include re-experiencing of the traumatic event with intrusive thoughts and dreams, avoidance of reminders of the event, emotional numbing, hypervigilance, excessive startle response, and chronic ... 2. Yehuda R. Post-traumatic
Five Steps to Improving Patient Access Judy Capko, May 21, 2013 Patient access is getting increased attention through reform initiatives. Here are five steps you can take to make sure patients get appropriate access to care in your office.