Psychiatric Times Vol 24 No 13

Psychedelic Medicine: New Evidence for Hallucinogenic Substances as Treatments (2 volumes)

November 01, 2007

The use of psychedelic plants and drugs in psychiatric medicine has been a promise for more than half a century, suppressed by a draconian legal response to the epidemic of drug abuse in the 1960s. This 2-volume work seeks to reverse the suppression of scientific inquiry in this field by bringing together a comprehensive airing of the topic.

LifeSkills Training Programs Combat Adolescent Delinquency

November 01, 2007

School-based drug abuse prevention programs do more than just effectively decrease drug use and misuse among children and adolescents, according to a study by Gilbert J. Botvin, PhD and associates, they may also reduce adolescent delinquency, verbal and physical aggression, and fighting.

Illinois to Implement New Mental Illness Treatment Law

November 01, 2007

In September, Gov Rod Blagojevich (D, Ill) signed Senate Bill 234 into law, allowing early state intervention for persons with severe mental illnesses. Before this enactment, the state required that persons must be a danger to themselves or others before court-ordered treatment could take place.

Forensic Ethics and the Expert Witness

November 01, 2007

The role of the forensic psychiatrist frequently requires straddling a fence. On the one side lie the standard function and commensurate ethics of a physician; on the other are the needs of the legal system calling for objectivity, truth, and justice.

The Case for Adolescence

November 01, 2007

Adolescence is a time of great importance during which children make extraordinary developmental strides. According to Erik Erikson, adolescents consolidate a self-concept by struggling with essential questions such as Who am I? and What is my role in life?

Strategies Against Methamphetamine and Cocaine Described at ASAM Meeting

November 01, 2007

Widespread media reports and billboard campaigns decrying a methamphetamine epidemic are drawing attention away from the greater and more entrenched use of cocaine, according to a National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA) scientist speaking at the American Society of Addiction Medicine's (ASAM) 38th Annual Medical-Scientific Conference, held in Miami, April 26 to 29.

Gifts From Patients: Pragmatic Model Offers Guidance

November 01, 2007

When offered a gift by a patient or a patient's family, a psychiatrist faces a significant practical challenge to negotiate "the poles of rule-bound rigor and individually tailored flexibility," the McLean Hospital Ethics Committee wrote in a recent article.

Computer Gaming--When Virtual Violence Becomes Real

November 01, 2007

Virtual games, such as World of Warcraft, The Sims, and Second Life, are played by thousands every day, allowing people, worldwide, to connect and share information. In fact, the virtual "worlds" that can be created in these games are now being used to make money (through buying and selling virtual objects), to form partnerships and friendships, and even to conduct business; it is easy to see how many become engrossed in this alternative life.

Psychiatric Emergencies in Bipolar and Related Disorders

November 01, 2007

Part 1 of this article, discussed a general approach to treating psychiatric emergencies in patients with bipolar and related disorders, as well as the assessment and management of agitation and impulsive aggression. Part 2 focuses on psychosis, suicidality, and specific treatments relevant to patients in emergency settings who are agitated or have bipolar disorder.

Hoarding

November 01, 2007

Many of the things that we busy ourselves with have no apparent utility. Blogging, playing games, and collecting come to mind. To declare that we are compelled to do these things may be too strong, but we do pursue these activities with little deliberation and without concern as to their usefulness. The ubiquity of these pursuits suggests that these activities or their variants helped humans survive at some point and that they now rest on innate brain programs.

Marijuana Use, Withdrawal, and Craving in Adolescents

November 01, 2007

Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug in the United States and worldwide. Initiation of use typically occurs during adolescence. The most recent epidemiological data indicate that in the United States, 42% of high school seniors have tried marijuana, 18% have used it in the past 30 days, and 5% use it daily.

Managing Late-Life Depression With Combined Medication and Psychotherapy

November 01, 2007

There are hundreds of studies that show that pharmacotherapy is used to treat depression in adult and geriatric populations. There are far fewer studies that test the efficacy of psychotherapies and even fewer studies that focus on combined treatment for older patients.

Integrative Management of Anxiety, Part 1

November 01, 2007

Almost one third of US mental health care costs (approximately $50 billion) go toward the treatment of anxiety disorders. Conventional pharmacological treatments for anxiety are often beneficial but have limited efficacy.

The Intersection of Mental Health and Successful Aging

November 01, 2007

One consequence of the "graying" of the world's population is that psychiatrists, along with all health care professionals, will increasingly be providing services to older adults. In the United States, the first set of people belonging to the baby boom generation turned 60 in 2005, and the number of people older than 60 will soonoutnumber children for the first time in recorded history.

Methadone as an Analgesic

December 01, 2007

Although methadone (Dolophine, Methadose) is primarily thought of as treatment for opioid addiction, it is also an excellent and underused analgesic. This column discusses the issues to consider when deciding whether to prescribe methadone for pain relief.

The Collapse of Psychiatry in Tajikistan

November 01, 2007

Since April 2006, I have traveled 3 times to the Central Asian Republic of Tajikistan to work with migrants on the risk of HIV/AIDS. According to the United States Agency for International Development, Central Asia has the fastest growth rate of HIV/ AIDS in the world.

Assessment of Decisional Capacity

November 01, 2007

Voluntary informed consent is, with rare exceptions, a necessary, albeit not sufficient, defining precondition of ethical clinical treatment, and it is essential for enrollment in clinical research trials.

The Paradox of Psychopathy

November 01, 2007

The clinical management of patients with psychopathy and other psychopathic disorders presents a vexing challenge for mental health professionals. The issues of hospital treatment and civil commitment can be especially confusing.