Outpatient Detoxification Strategies at ASAMJuly 1st 1997
Detoxification from alcohol and drugs can be safely accomplished in outpatient settings. Careful selection of appropriate patients and frequent monitoring are key elements of successful detoxification. The success of outpatients withdrawing from alcohol without serious medical complications and continuing in recovery programs is comparable to success rates of inpatients when there is careful selection of patients, a good triage process and good nursing and medical assessments.
Gold Forecasts and Describes Cocaine Vaccine, Smoking Addiction ResearchJuly 1st 1997
In 1962, fewer than 4 million Americans had ever tried illegal drugs. By 1983, that number had risen to 80 million. Drug use peaked in 1985 and dropped until 1992. Since then, use has been increasing steadily, particularly among teenagers. This increase is partially a result of a trend back toward glorification of drug experimentation and legalization, and also because there's a general resurgence of smoking. Whether it's marijuana, tobacco, opiates or cocaine, it's still smoking.
Steps to Accurate Diagnosis of Substance AbuseJuly 1st 1997
Because alcohol- and drug-dependent patients tend to develop high rates of symptoms usually associated with common psychiatric syndromes, practitioners often fail to diagnose substance dependence and instead jump to treat more familiar disorders. The risk that such circumstances will occur is understandable given statistics that two of every three alcohol- or drug-dependent individuals meet the criteria for psychiatric disorders and one of every three such individuals meets the criteria for anxiety or depressive disorders.
On the Cannabinoid Receptor: A Study in Molecular PsychiatryJuly 1st 1997
Given that cannabis (marijuana, hashish, ganja, dagga, etc.) is the most widely used illicit substance in the Western world, it behooves us as physicians to understand as much about it as possible. The cannabinoid receptor is a good starting point in such a pursuit. Marijuana is not a single substance, but a collection of substances or compounds which become 2,000 on pyrolysis. Numbered among the 400 constituents of the plant Cannabis sativa are some 60 cannabinoids.
Drugs On Our Minds: Historical, Social Perspectives on 'Modifiers of Affect'July 1st 1997
To understand our fascination with drugs in the first place, we need to ask some basic questions, such as "Why do we like to take poison in small quantities?" The truthful answer is always some variation of "To feel better." How does this come about, and why do we have so much trouble with it?