New Killing Fields: Will the Campus Shootings Stop?July 1st 1998
The dramatic series of recent school shootings in nearly every region of the country has forever altered the way American society views its children. Fueled by media accounts that convey the drama of kids out of control, politicians, public policymakers, school administrators and parents now struggle for answers.
Supreme Court Halts Execution of Mentally Ill InmateJuly 1st 1998
In a surprising 7-2 ruling in May, the U.S. Supreme Court held that a condemned inmate was entitled to federal habeas corpus review of his death sentence based on claims of mental incompetence. Writing for the majority, Chief Justice William O. Rehnquist let stand a 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ruling that delayed the execution of an Arizona prisoner pending a sanity determination in federal court.
Debate Over Outpatient Commitment, Involuntary CareJuly 1st 1998
While there is broad-ranging support for increased resources for the mentally ill, the degree to which innovations should include mandated care has re-ignited a long-standing debate over whose civil rights are actually being trampled-those individuals who are forced to receive care, or those who are denied care even though they desperately need it.
Commentary: Whose Side Are We On?July 1st 1998
Nonprofit health maintenance organizations (HMOs) state that their goal is to serve the public, whereas the main goal of for-profit HMOs is profit generation. One might assume, therefore, that the operating procedures of these two types of HMOs would be different from one another. A recent experience of mine, however, suggests otherwise.
Hypochondriasis: A Fresh Outlook on TreatmentJuly 1st 1998
This is the fourth in a series of five articles regarding obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders. The first three articles ran in the March 1997, June 1997 and January 1998 issues of Psychiatric Times. The first article gave an overview of spectrum disorders, the second discussed obsessive-compulsive disorder and the third examined body dysmorphic disorder.
A Look at Women and DepressionJuly 1st 1998
For reasons researchers are still trying to understand, clinical depression appears to be almost twice as common in women as in men. Why females are more prone to this debilitating disease than their male counterparts is still under investigation, although significant progress has been made.
New SNRI Versus SSRI for Social FunctioningJuly 1st 1998
A New Drug Application was submitted to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in May for the selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) antidepressant, reboxetine. The manufacturer, Pharmacia & Upjohn, has marketed the antidepressant as Edronax in the United Kingdom since July 1997, and in October 1997 received approval through the European Mutual Recognition Procedure to distribute it in 11 other European Union Countries during 1998.
Southeast Asian Refugees: Gender Difference in Levels and Predictors of Psychological DistressJuly 1st 1998
Among the specialized refugee population in the United States, there is little research on the gender differences in psychological distress, which is considerable. Southeast Asian refugee women have been identified as an at-risk group for developing serious psychiatric disorders primarily due to their premigration experiences.
Are Women at Greater Risk for PTSD than Men?July 1st 1998
Differences between the sexes regarding the prevalence, psychopathology and natural history of psychiatric disorders have become the focus of an increasingly large number of epidemiological, biological and psychological studies. A fundamental understanding of sex differences may lead to a better understanding of the underlying mechanisms of diseases, as well as their expression and risks.
Center for Meditation and Healing Integrates Psychiatric HealthJuly 1st 1998
The department of psychiatry at Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center (CPMC) in New York City has opened one of the first facilities in the country that brings the techniques of complementary medicine to psychiatry. The Center for Meditation and Healing, which opened this March, emphasizes traditional meditative methods used for thousands of years in Asian cultures, particularly those of India and Tibet.