Psychiatric Times Vol 21 No 5

Cultural Variables in Psychiatry

April 15, 2004

In modern practice, psychiatrists will invariably have patients who come from different ethnic or cultural backgrounds. Practitioners will need to consider socioeconomic status, diet, use of herbal medications and immigration status, as well as patients' own self-perception of ethnicity, in assessing patients and planning treatment.

Gaps in Coverage Create Health Insurance

May 01, 2004

New studies show that people may cycle in and out of insurance coverage. This can lead to poor health outcomes as chronic disorders, including mental illnesses, are neglected during times when insurance is lacking. Is true health care reform finally on its way?

International Psychopharmacology Research

April 15, 2004

A longitudinal study of the nicotine patch for smoking abstinence and a look at new drugs to lower blood pressure in patients with cerebrovascular disease are among the various research studies from Europe, Australia and Asia highlighted in this column.

Overview of Mixed Depression in Italy

April 15, 2004

According to a large international study, BD-II mixed depression can easily be misdiagnosed as major depressive disorder. Proper assessment and treatment of mixed depression in BD-II could have a positive impact on outcomes in bipolar disorder.

Headache in Children and Psychiatric Problems

April 15, 2004

Headache is a frequent somatic complaint in childhood and adolescence, and its prevalence has increased over the last few decades. The presence of a comorbid psychiatric disorder tends to worsen the course of headache by increasing attack frequency and severity, making the headaches less responsive to treatment, and increasing the risk of chronification. Identification and treatment of comorbid psychiatric conditions is, therefore, important for the proper management of headache, especially in children and adolescents.

Setting Priorities: The Status of Child Mental Health Care Around the World

April 15, 2004

Despite increased knowledge of child and adolescent mental health disorders worldwide, there is still a dearth of economic and human resources available to meet treatment needs, especially in developing countries. In this article, the impact of developed countries and the dimensions of this problem are discussed.

Transcultural Aspects of Dissociative and Somatoform Disorders

April 15, 2004

While the symptoms of somatoform and dissociative disorders are influenced by the patient's culture, these syndromes are heterogeneous and may have overlapping features. Although more frequently reported in non-Western cultures and thought of as exotic and culture-bound, multiple personality disorder may be a North American example of one such disorder.

Cross-National Research: Caregiver Consequences

April 15, 2004

Comparing the consequences of caregiving across countries for a person with a serious mental illness needs to take into account not only different languages, but also different cultures, quality of mental health services and standards of living. So far, one questionnaire has shown the most validity and become the exemplar in cross-national research; yet it is still not free from possible cultural bias or criticism from its creators who acknowledge that much more research needs to be done.