According to some estimates, nearly 2.3 million people in the US suffer from dementia-related psychosis. The Gerontological Society of America’s diagnostic and treatment considerations help shed light on this complicated condition.
BPSD is associated with worse outcomes for patients with dementia. Management is not standardized, but protocols generally involve the treatment of underlying symptoms followed by the use of nonpharmacological management techniques and evidence-based pharmacotherapy for refractory BPSD.
At present there are no treatments to stop or delay underlying disease progression. Current prevalent therapies help to mask the symptoms, but they do not solve underlying causes. A fundamental premise for effective treatment is to make a diagnosis of Alzheimer disease at the earliest stage.
In this video, Marc E. Agronin, MD, discusses several factors that may play a role in agitation. One would be underlying medical causes. It could be an acute disease state impairing brain function. And the list goes on.