Dr Jones is Postdoctoral Scholar, George and Ann Richards Civil War Era Center, The Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA. His website is https://jonathansjones.net.
The Opioid Addiction Crisis and Racism: A Long, Troubled History
The enduring racial gap in the opiate addiction rate stems largely from racist 19th-century medical beliefs about Black bodies, coupled with substandard medical care provided to Black Civil War troops.
Race and Opioids: Lessons From the Civil War-Era Opioid Addiction Crisis
Black soldiers’ lack of access to opiate analgesics and antidiarrheals was typical, not exceptional, when considered within the broader scheme of Civil War medicine.
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