Psychiatric Times Vol 24 No 9

Serotonin, Netrins, and Brain Development: Why a Neurotransmitter Is Not Always a Neurotransmitter

August 01, 2007

From a research perspective, it is always a joy when molecular mechanisms that were first characterized in petri dishes are confirmed inside a living animal. As molecular techniques have become more sophisticated, such dual results are increasingly commonplace. This month's column is about just such an achievement and takes its cue from a topic I considered in last month's article.

Shortage of Mental Health Professionals in Military

August 01, 2007

Department of Defense (DOD) medical centers, community hospitals, and clinics throughout the United States were tasked with hiring 44 "contract" psychiatrists over the summer as a response to growing concerns about inadequate mental health care for soldiers in Iraq and Afghanistan and those returning home.

Toward an Improved Nosology of Sexual Dysfunctions in DSM-V

August 01, 2007

Sexual dysfunctions as distinct syndromes were first identified in DSM-III in 1980. At that time, sets of criteria were specified for inhibited sexual desire, inhibited sexual excitement, inhibited female orgasm, inhibited male orgasm, premature ejaculation, dyspareunia, and functional vaginismus.

Struggling With Stalemates

August 01, 2007

There are occasions in which one's best psychotherapeutic efforts are not effective or help only modestly. If the effort has taken place for a relatively long period, the therapist has several options. One is to ask a colleague for consultation. A second is to reexamine one's understanding of the patient's dilemma.

Nonverbal Learning Disabilities and Sensory Processing Disorders

August 01, 2007

In our presentation at the 2006 annual meeting of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, we suggested that child psychiatrists who come across a child with the profile of the following hypothetical case should consider whether the child may have deficits that are not currently covered by DSM-IV nosology: either a nonverbal learning disability (NVLD) or a sensory processing disorder (SPD).

Hume's Fork and Psychiatry's Explanations: Determinism and the Dimensions of Freedom

August 01, 2007

An item in the Boston Globe recently caught my eye. Apparently, a man who was fired by a large corporation for visiting an adult "chat room" while at work is suing the company. The man is claiming he is an "Internet addict" who "deserves treatment and sympathy rather than dismissal." Another item reported recently concerned a lawyer who argued that her client was not responsible for a rampage that he had committed because he "had been obsessed with comic book superheroes as a kid."

Sexual Orientation: Neuroendocrine and Psychodynamic Influences

August 01, 2007

In this article we discuss psychoneuroendocrine influences on sexual orientation and the psychodynamics of internalized homophobia. Because of space limitations, we focus on homosexual orientation, although research in this area sheds light on heterosexual and bisexual orientation as well.

Options for Management of Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor-Induced Sexual Dysfunction

August 01, 2007

Among 25 to 30 million Americans in whom depression is diagnosed annually, 18 to 25 million are treated with antidepressants, of which 90% are SSRI or non-selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SRI) antidepressants, the most frequently prescribed medications for all outpatients aged 18 to 65 years.

Psychiatrists and Clinical Sexuality

August 01, 2007

Any sexual behavior--normal or abnormal, masturbatory or partnered--ultimately rests on biological elements, psychological elements, interpersonal elements, and cultural concepts of normality and morality.

New Insights in Premature Ejaculation

August 01, 2007

Ejaculatio praecox, or premature (rapid, early) ejaculation (PE), is a prevalent male sexual complaint. It may be part of the normal ejaculation variability in men, but it may also be the symptom of an ejaculatory dysfunction.

Suicide in Depression: Balancing Risk Factors, Identifying Vulnerable Patients

August 01, 2007

This May, the FDA called for a black box warning on antidepressants to indicate that patients aged 18 to 24 years are at heightened risk for treatment-emergent suicidality. But a member of the FDA advisory committee that recommended that warning has issued his own warning, saying that the "real killer in this story is untreated depression and the possible risk from antidepressant treatment is dwarfed by that from the disease."

The Relationship Between Anxiety Disorders and Sexual Dysfunction

August 01, 2007

In this article, we examine the relationship between anxiety disorders and SDs, using DSM-IV-TR categories, although we are conscious of the limits of this approach. In doing so, we will consider not only the dichotomy between normal and pathological functioning but also the issue of sexual satisfaction as part of wellness.