What do behavioral activation, video therapy, family constellation, ibogaine, and psychomagic have in common? These topics and more were chosen for this month's roundup.
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Scroll through the slides for October stories in mental health. Links appear in the captions. View the information in PDF format.
Because of the shortage of mental-health providers in schools, classroom teachers often bear the burden of addressing the needs of children who don't just struggle in school - they struggle to cope emotionally and psychologically. Activities that foster the well-being of students can benefit all children, especially those with internal conflicts, depression, and anxiety. Think about this stat: "When preschoolers are given access to mental-health services, expulsions are reduced by 47 percent.“
The New Focus on Children's Mental Health
The Atlantic, October 17, 2016
In economic circles, ambiguity aversion signifies the theory that most well-adjusted people make decisions according to known probabilities based on weighed outcomes. A known versus unknown outcome (risk versus ambiguity) dictates that people tend to prefer options with known probabilities (risk) than those with unknown probabilities (ambiguity). In persons with schizophrenia, these abilities are weaker than in those without.
Ambiguity Aversion is Attenuated in Schizophrenia
An abstract is available at Ambiguity aversion in schizophrenia: An fMRI study of decision-making under risk and ambiguity.
Psychiatry Advisor, October 11, 2016
What do behavioral activation, video therapy, family constellation, ibogaine, and psychomagic have in common? They are novel treatments from around the world but not “officially” under study in the US. Whatever they turn out to be, they are as fascinating and varied as Halloween costumes.
5 New Treatments: Are They Tricks or Treats?
Psychiatric Times, October 28, 2016
Researchers from the Brain and Creativity at USC examined the impact of music instruction on cognition in young children. In the 5-year study, researchers found that children in the group receiving music instruction (as opposed to 2 other groups) were better able “to detect changes in tonal environment and an accelerated maturity of auditory processing as measured by cortical auditory evoked potentials to musical notes.” This suggests that “music training may result in stimulus specific brain changes in school aged children.”
Neural correlates of accelerated auditory processing in children engaged in music training
Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, October 2016
In early October, we brought you an article in Psychiatric Times on the intersection of design and wellness. Now, evidence-based design is coming to a doctor’s waiting room near you. Wellness structures are going mainstream to make patients heal faster, remain comfortable, and feel that providers honor their time.
The Waiting Game
Also see: Get Well Soon-At Work
Tincture, October 5, 2016
Can we exercise the same control over the human brain as we can information processing, aviationics, and other complex networks? Medaglia and colleagues note that an “underexplored approach lies in a subdiscipline of engineering known as network control theory.” The possibilities are endless, as are ethical concerns.
Network Control Theory
Also see the article by Medaglia and colleagues.
MIT Technology Review, October 19, 2016